Modeling Bolted Structures with ADINA Bolted structures show complex mechanical behavior. Modeling such structures presents many challenges: meshing these complex structures with bolts, sequential load applications with proper prestressing, contact conditions between bolted parts and also between parts and bolts, to name a few. These typical requirements are easily handled using the ADINA System, which provides very efficient and practical bolt analysis capabilities supported by robust meshing algorithms. The following analysis options are available in the ADINA program for bolted structures:
In this News, we show the application of ADINA in an analysis involving the standard industrial practice of sequential bolt tightening. The bolted structure shown in Figure 1 is modeled. The above animation shows the calculated stresses in the bolts as they are loaded. The animation also demonstrates how 3D solid bolts are modeled in ADINA: for each bolt, a bolt prestressing is included in a single bolt element constrained between two boltcutting surfaces. This allows contact conditions between all connected parts to be included.
Figure 2 shows the finite element mesh of the entire bolted model generated using ADINA. There are 23 bodies in the model, each of which is meshed with ADINA's freeform brick mesher. This meshing process comprises 3 main steps:
The resulting mesh is a combination of mostly bricks and some pyramids and tetrahedra. Clearly, for such a complex model, the mesh quality is remarkable. The bolt analysis options in ADINA, together with the advanced meshing capabilities, allow engineering analysts to model bolted structures easily and confidently.
